Not every growth of pigment-forming skin cells is a harmless birthmark. Regularly check your skin and moles for changes and go for regular mole checks.
In our practices in Tulln and in Vienna you can have your moles examined and removed.
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What is a birthmark?
The term mole (nevus) refers to all types of benign skin growths. A birthmark can be brown in colour (hence known as a mole) or consist of red cells from blood vessels or yellow sebaceous gland cells. Moles are usually harmless, but can develop into a skin cancer. Checking moles is recommended once a year. An early diagnosis and subsequent therapy significantly increases your chance of a complete cure.
Birthmark removal in Vienna
In our practice in 1180 Vienna, both the necessary preventive examinations (skin cancer screening) and the desired removal of moles for medical or aesthetic reasons can be carried out professionally and with the most modern techniques. If a birthmark cannot be clearly identified as benign, it should be removed and histologically examined as a precaution.
Regular birthmark check as skin cancer prevention:
Skin cancer has become one of the most common cancers in recent years.
With a regular birthmark check, this risk can be significantly reduced. The preventive examination is performed painlessly using a digital reflected-light microscope. The reflected-light microscope is a special magnifying glass with light that uses tenfold magnification to look into deeper layers of the skin and detect altered structures of moles. If the diagnosis is uncertain, small tissue samples can be taken or the moles can be removed immediately.
What features should you look for in a nevus?
The following points speak for an early presentation to the dermatologist:
- The birthmark (mole) is asymmetrical (usually round or oval).
- Its normally smooth, sharp edges are frayed or unclearly defined.
- It has changed its previous colour or has inconsistent colours.
- The nevus is getting bigger.
- It changes its characteristics (itches, oozes, bleeds or rises).
Skin cancer screening
A regular, e.g. yearly check of the birthmarks is always sensible! No matter what age you are, not every birthmark is harmless. Protect yourself with regular skin cancer screening at the dermatologist.
Birthmark - Melanoma Comparison Table
The criteria shown in the figure help to systematically distinguish the appearance and changes of moles from melanoma (skin cancer).
Frequently asked questions about birthmark control and removal
These are pigment-forming cells that rise from deep layers to the surface of the skin and multiply there. In most cases they are harmless, but in the worst case they can degenerate and become skin cancer.
People with inconspicuous moles that do not change are recommended to have a check-up every five years. If you have many nevi or are a risk patient, a preventive check-up once a year is recommended.
Ablation of the moles with the laser:
The removal of nevi by means of the high-frequency laser is a very gentle form of treatment. This method is suitable for removal for aesthetic reasons and for smaller moles. The treatment under local anaesthesia takes only a few minutes and produces visually beautiful results.
Cauterisation (high frequency electrosurgery) is a procedure used for benign, protruding growths. A very fine wire loop is inserted and the tissue is gently destroyed with the cautery.
A non-invasive form of treatment for superficial keratoses that relies on visible light to create aggressive oxygen molecules and free radicals that destroy the tissue of the mole but leave normal tissue intact.
If there is an urgent suspicion of skin cancer (basalioma, melanoma), removal with a scalpel is the method of choice. The affected skin area is minimally invasively excised under local anaesthesia and histologically examined. If the tissue examination shows the diagnosis of skin cancer, another operation must be performed at a distance of one centimetre to make sure that there is no more degenerated tissue in the skin area.
Many patients, especially those who have moles removed from the face, worry that visible scars will remain. Experienced dermatologists, such as Dr Orasche, use special state-of-the-art techniques and achieve aesthetically pleasing results with their treatments.
You should never remove moles yourself. This can lead to life-threatening infection and unsightly scars.
White skin cancer (basalioma): usually does not form metastases.
Actinic keratosis: Preliminary stage of white skin cancer. These are reddish-brown patches that are rough to the touch and mainly appear with age in areas that are often exposed to the sun.
Black skin cancer (malignant melanoma): already forms metastases in the early phase.
If there are cases of skin cancer in the family, regular preventive skin cancer screening is recommended.
Light skin type:
People with fair skin, blue or green eyes, blond or reddish hair are particularly at risk and get sunburnt quickly.
People whose skin has more than 50 moles also belong to the group of people who should have their skin checked regularly.
Sun and UVA rays - main triggers for skin cancer:
Anyone who had frequent sunburns as a child or who is exposed to strong sunlight for long periods of time without adequate sun protection has an increased risk of developing skin cancer.
Moles that have been present since birth or develop during the first year of life should be observed.